from Stress Free for Good
Facts About Stress
- Job stress costs employers more than $300 billion each year in
absenteeism, tardiness, burnout, lower productivity, high turnover,
worker's compensation and medical insurance costs. The American Institute
of Stress, 2002 Newsletter
- Of all visits to primary care physicians,
75-90% are for stress-related complaints, as are more than half
of the 550,000,000 work days lost annually because of absenteeism. Job
Stress: America's Leading Adult Health Problem, by Paul J. Rosch,
M.D., F.A.C.P- in USA Magazine, May 1991. American Academy of Family
Physicians Survey, 1988, U.S. News & World Report. December
- Another survey revealed that 75% of Americans
described their jobs as stressful, with most stating that this
had gotten worse over the past 10 years. Job Stress: America's Leading Adult Health Problem,
by Paul J. Rosch, M.D., F.A.C.P., in USA Magazine, May 1991.
- A recent
government study ranked stress management training first in popularity
in worksites of 750 or more, with better than 60% currently involved
in such activities. In its draft of national health objectives for
the year 2000, the Public Health Service placed an extremely high
priority on this, recommending that at least 40% of corporations
employing more than 50 should be providing stress management programs
for their workers. Job Stress: America's Leading Adult Problem, by
Paul J. Rosch, M.D.. F.A.C.P., in USA Magazine, May 1991.
- It is now
believed that as much as 80% of all disease and illness is initiated
and aggravated by stress. Stress Management, National Safety Council.
Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston. MA, 1995.
- An estimated 1 million
persons are absent from work on an average workday because of stress-related
disorders. Other research suggests that 40% of job turnover is due
to stress. The Market For Stress Management
Products & Services, Marketdata Enterprises, Inc.. September
- Aggregate data from 20 companies with a total
of over 200,000 employees indicate that for patients under age
65, anxiety and depressive disorders severe enough to require hospitalization
accounted for roughly one percent of total admissions. These admissions
accounted for about 1.5% of the total costs for hospitalization
benefits. Stress Management.
National Safety Council, Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Boston, MA,
- In close to the majority of responses (47%),
reduced productivity is cited as the most serious consequence of
employees stress, anxiety or depression on company operations.
Morale problems and absenteeism were cited by 40% while slightly
less than one-third cited alcohol or substance abuse (30%), poor
work quality (29%) and somatic symptoms or illness (28%). One in
five (21%) cited increased turnover and accidents as serious consequences. Stress Management, National Safety
Council, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, MA. 1995.
eight in ten respondents (86%) reported one or more stress-provoking
events. Most common are layoffs or rumors of layoffs, mentioned by
two-thirds of those responding (68), talk of plant or office closing,
mentioned by 46%, or actual plant closing, mentioned by 41%. About
one-third reported strikes or labor disputes and a similar number
reported involvement in a merger or hearsay about a takeover by another
company. Only 14% of the respondents reported no such stress-provoking
events. Stress Management, National Safety Council, Jones and Bartlett
Publishers, Boston. MA, 1995.
- The California Worker 's Compensation
Institute determined that job stress claims increased 700% from 1979
to 1988. M. Lehmer et al. J Occup Environ Med. 1997: 39(1)
- In a recent
3-year analysis of over 46,000 workers from six major U.S. companies,
depression and unmanaged stress emerged as the top two most costly
risk factors in terms of medical expenditures increasing health care
costs by 2 to 7 times as much as physical risk factors such as smoking,
obesity and poor exercise habits. R.Goetzel et
al. .7 Occup Environ Meet. 1998; 40( 10)
- A nationwide survey conducted by the New York
Business Group on Health revealed that each employee suffering
from stress, anxiety or depression is estimated to lose 16 days
of work per year, as compared to an average of 4 to 6 lost workdays
for all employees. New York
Business Group on Health, 1990
- In a national survey of 1,305 employed
adults, 13% reported that they or their coworkers had committed an
act that they would describe as 'desk rage ' out of stress or anger,
and nearly one in five had quit a job because of stress. Caravan
Opinion Research Corp. Int'1/L.A. Times, Dec. 10, 2000
- Sixty to
80% of accidents on the job are stress-related. In 1982, the total
cost of work-related accidents in this country was $32 billion. Jones.
J.W.: A cost evaluation for stress management, EAP Digest, 35-39.
Nov, Dec., 1984.
SOURCE: "Costs of Occupational Circulatory Disease" by
J. Paul Leigh, Ph.D. and Peter Schnall, M.D., in The Workplace and
Cardiovascular Disease Occupational Medicine State of the Art Reviews,
Peter L. Schnall, M.D., M.P.H., et al., (cds); PA: Hanley & Belfus,
pp. 257-267, January-March 2000.
According to a study appearing in
the October 19, 2002 issue of the British Medical
of the occupation, workers who reported high job strain--defined
as a demanding job that allows the employee little control--were
2.2 times more likely to die of cardiovascular disease than workers
with low job strain were. (Even after controlling for the effects
of conventional cardiovascular risk factors, e.g., obesity, high
blood pressure, lack of exercise, smoking and being overweight).
Similarly, employees who felt there was a large imbalance between
their job effort and reward had a 2.4-times higher risk of cardiovascular
- The study also found that greater job stress at the study's
outset was associated with higher cholesterol and body mass index
5 to 10 years later--regardless of factors such as age, exercise
habits and smoking.
- According to the researchers the link between
job strain and cardiovascular disease was strongest among workers
who were still doing the same job 5 years after their work-stress
levels were measured. This is in line with the idea that chronic
stress is more likely when a person sticks with the same job or workplace
for the long haul.
SOURCE: "Work Stress Doubles Risk of Heart Disease
Death" by Patricia Reaney (http://abcnews.go.com) and "Stressful
work tied to heart disease death risk" by
Amy Norton (www.reutershealth.com); accessed October 18,2002.
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